Saturday, March 1, 2014
Tacky Hymns 51
All this, and Sucha's hope that TSH would be used in rotation with the ELCA's other worship books at the time (LBW, SBH, and With One Voice), and thus revive the sentimental oldies but goodies Lutherans of his generation might remember from their youth, one gathers from the three prefaces that open this book. One also begins to notice that the layouts, not only of the prefaces but also of the liturgy and hymns, are sprinkled with photos and portraits, biographical notes, and typesetting anomalies that make this book an unusually awkward hymnal at best. Another strange touch is the historical perspective of the first preface, which sums up the history of Luther's Reformation with the hope that the schism between Lutheranism and Rome is in the process of being reconciled, since the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification in 1999—though it also points out that the Pope's jubilee indulgence, soon after the JDDJ, contradicted that agreement.
The orders of service begin on p. 11 with a "First Setting" of Holy Communion, i.e. the Common Service, similar to the order in The Lutheran Hymnal (1941), though some parts are set to different melodies. The rubrics get off to a tacky start already in its description of the Invocation ("In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit") as "The pastor greets the people of God." Neither of the two settings of the Kyrie are the traditional "Lord have mercy, Christ have mercy, Lord have mercy" set to music; rather, they are both "bidding" responses, with repetitions of "Lord have mercy" entering as a refrain between bids such as "In peace let us pray to the Lord," etc. Recent as this liturgical innovation is, the hymnal passes it off as something "Lutherans have done" and implicates J. S. Bach in its second musical arrangement, via fragments of the hymn tune "Wake, awake, for night is flying," which it incorrectly attributes to Bach. (The tune, as any qualified hymnologist can tell you, is actually by Philip Nicolai.) From here on, innovations (in the context of Lutheran liturgy) continue to be passed off as historic practices by such methods as corralling in a musical fragment from the Episcopal Hymnal, and giving the 16th-century pedigree of a Lenten Response whose use in Lutheran worship (dating back as far as 1600) is now "adapted" from the 1917 Common Service Book.
The Epistle has changed its name to the New Testament Lesson. Multiple versions of both the Nicene and Apostles' Creeds are given (one each of "Original Common Service Text" and "Modern Version"). A modern version of the Our Father is also placed to the left of the traditional version. At this point, before the gathering of the offering, the rubrics state that "The PEACE is shared at this time," and after the liturgical response "The peace of the Lord," etc., which by Lutheran custom belongs after the consecration of the Sacrament, "The congregation and pastor greet one another in the name of Christ." So that's now enshrined in standard practice. The non-Communion version of the service concludes with two settings of the Amen. Towards the end of the post-Communion a new response is added, complete with musical setting: "Go in peace, serve the Lord! / Thanks be to God!"
The "Third Setting," a.k.a. "the New Holy Communion," is preceded by a full-page biography of its composer, Sharon Elery Rogers. The text of this service is based on the modernized liturgy published in LBW. Notice that the only version of the creeds given here is the "modern version," with the first-person plural in the Nicene Creed, etc.
The "Fourth Setting," adapted from themes by J. S. Bach, also begins with a full-page preface introducing its composer, Wesley Broderius. The "Bach Liturgy" includes perhaps the tackiest musical decisions seen so far in this book. The Kyrie, though in F minor, is based on the subject of Bach's "Little Fugue in G Minor," and fills out the musical phrase with the addition of some original text: "This holy house offers worship and praise to you, O comforter, defender of us all." The Gloria in Excelsis, meanwhile, is set to the melody of Bach's song "Bist Du bei mir." The Salutation is an almost unrecognizable snippet of an orchestral Suite in E minor. The Alleluia Verse is adapted from one of the two-part Inventions, with a simplified left-hand part apologizing for a melody line that is almost too keyboardistic to be sung. For the "Lenten Verse" (the art-work formerly known as Tract), the tune comes from a Gavotte in the English Suites for keyboard, also demanding more vocal agility than one can really expect from the average congregation. The "Gospel Verse" (replacing the traditional Acclamations before and after the reading of the Gospel) goes to a theme from one of the Brandenburg Concertos. For the offertory "Create in me" you get the song "Sheep May Safely Graze" from Cantata 208, complete with a long instrumental introduction. The threefold Amen (appearing where the service would end without Communion) is the final cadence from the Dona nobis pacem movement of the B-minor Mass. The Bouree from Suite in E minor comes back again for the Preface. For the Sanctus we get another Brandenburg Concerto theme; the Our Father goes to an arrangement of the popular Arioso; the Agnus Dei to the chorale "Come sweet death"; and the post-communion canticle, which seems to be an original text, to an arrangement of "Jesu, joy of Man's Desiring" so mercilessly compressed that it seems pointless to keep the figuration of the introductory and concluding phrases, when one is really singing a straightforward harmonization of the chorale WERDE MUNTER. The benediction, harmonized to be sung by the choir "or Pastor," is set again to part of the Dona nobis pacem from the B-minor Mass.
Then there follows a section of "Additional Service Music," including a Brief Order of Confession; two settings of the Gloria Patri, including one harmonized by J. S. Bach; an elaborate chanted Kyrie traced back to the Roman Catholic Orbis Factor Mass via the Swedish Lutheran Church; two settings of "Praise God, from whom all blessings flow"; Folliott Pierpoint's hymn of praise "For the beauty of the earth"; a "Glory to God in the highest" setting from the Roman Catholic "Community Mass"; two Fryxell settings of the verse "Alleluia, Lord, to whom shall we go"; two "Prayer Responses" by Patricia Holmberg, who cannot seem to decide whether to address God as "you" or "thee"; a "Community Mass" setting of the Sanctus by Richard Proulx; and a nice chant setting of the Our Father which, in its unnecessary text credit line, misspells "Jesus of Nazarath" (sic). Also included, for mysterious reasons, are two spoken-word versions of the Our Father followed by a chanted Salutation and Response; the Christmas Offertory "As they offered gifts most rare" (from William Dix's popular Epiphany hymn "As with gladness men of old"); three more settings of the Agnus Dei; another Alleluia setting; and a post-communion canticle, sung antiphonally by the "Pastor or Assistant" and congregation to the tune LASST UNS ERFREUEN, along with a photo of the tune's arranger whose caption, for the second time (cf. "Praise God, from whom all blessings flow") misspells "Ralph Vaugh(a)n Williams."
Four Amen settings close out the foreparts of the hymnal, and we finally reach the beginning of the section set aside for "Hymns, Canticles, and Carols." Although a tearing-apart of the editorial decisions therein must wait for our next installment, the introductory page of this section gives us a foretaste of what is to come. First is the inscription, "I love to tell the old, old story...of Jesus and his love." Apparently, one can take this as the driving example of Lutheran hymnody in the eyes of the editor who selected the hymns that follow. Then there is a paragraph of introduction, followed by "Directions for Singing Hymns." Here the editor seems to be cheering on the parishioner holding the book, like a Sunday School song-leader cajoling his charges to sing out, to sing happy, and to think about what they're singing. The advice is not amiss, but the tackiness will be seen in its application to the particular songs that are about to burst upon us... next time!
To see this hymnal for yourself—and seeing is believing—go to the publisher's website.